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Old 04-09-2015, 02:28 PM   #1
Lani
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Join Date: Mar 2006
Posts: 4,729
Thumbs up important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

lapatinib by itself has been found to be less effective than herceptin by itself against her2+ breast cancer in the lab and in people

Here they found by combining lapatinib with a BET bromodomain inhibitor that the HER2 kinase was blocked,and the massive kinase activation that typically follows HER2 inhibition (as the tumor breaks through the inhibition caused by blocking the pathway) never happened. The second drug suppressed the kinase response.((it blocked the puppy's ability to learning with time to climb up on the chest of drawers to jump out of the bedroom window to go out to the frontyard to chase the squirrels!) perhaps by moving the chest of drawers away from the window or putting bars up on the window

By blocking the potential escape route before it could be utilized, these researchers found "In all five cell lines we tested, there were no cancer cells left because the combination therapy blocked their growth. Essentially, we made the activity of lapatinib durable." As a result, the cancer cells were annihilated.

(((my "puppy" analogy posted previously:
Cancer is like a puppy dog that wants to get out of the house to chase the squirrels. Herceptin is like locking the front door. They puppy may learn it is possible to get out to play with the squirrels by going out the backdoor instead (eg, using her3, EGFR, IGFR, ER, etc paths to escape the blockade of the her2 pathway). Giving chemo is often like accelerating the aging of the puppy. It gets taller and able to jump on the dresser and jump out the window!!

For Stage IVs, it is usually just a question of what they will add next to herceptin if monotherapy is inssufficient to keep it from progressing(like which window/door to close in addition in the case of the puppy) )))

here is the announcement--



EurekAlert! Science NewsA service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

PUBLIC RELEASE: 9-APR-2015
Researchers find new approach to treat drug-resistant HER2-positive breast cancer
Using human cancer cell lines, UNC scientists identified various ways that HER2-positive breast cancer tumors resist therapy, and they discovered a potential combination therapy to overcome multiple mechanisms of resistance and kill cancer cells

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA HEALTH CARE


IMAGE: WHEN THE DRUG LAPATINIB INHIBITS THE EXPRESSION OF THE HER2 KINASE IN FIVE DIFFERENT HER2-POSITIVE BREAST CANCER CELL LINES, OTHER KINASES ARE ALSO TAMPED DOWN (BLUE) BUT SEVERAL MORE KINASES... view more

CREDIT: TIM STUHLMILLER, PHD, UNC SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

CHAPEL HILL, NC - Resistance to therapy is a major problem in the cancer field. Even when a treatment initially works, the tumors often find ways around the therapy. Using human cell lines of the HER2-positive breast cancer subtype, researchers from the UNC School of Medicine and UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center have detailed the surprising ways in which resistance manifests and how to defeat it before it happens.

The discovery, published today in the journal Cell Reports, provides the experimental evidence for the potential development of a novel combination therapy for HER2-positive breast cancer. The combination includes the FDA approved drug lapatinib and a new experimental drug called a BET bromodomain inhibitor, which works by disrupting the expression of specific genes.

This study, a collaboration of 20 University of North Carolina researchers, is the first time a BET bromodomain inhibitor has been shown to prevent the onset of resistance to drugs such as lapatinib in breast cancer cells.

"This research was done in cell lines of human HER2-positive breast cancer, not in patients; but the results are very striking," said Gary Johnson, PhD, Kenan Distinguished Professor and chair of the department of pharmacology, member of the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, and senior author of the paper. "The combination treatments are currently being tested in different mouse models of breast cancer. Our goal is to create a new kind of therapy that could help oncologists make the response to treatment more durable and lasting for breast cancer patients."

The HER2-positive subtype accounts for 15 to 20 percent of all breast cancer diagnoses. Only about one-third of these patients respond well to standard therapy. But even patients that initially respond eventually develop resistance. This is a universal problem of drugs that target specific proteins called kinases that drive tumor growth. Kinases are essential for cellular activities, such as movement, division, and signaling to other proteins to promote cell survival and growth. In this subtype of breast cancer, HER2 is the primary kinase involved in the growth of these tumors. When it's blocked with a drug like lapatinib, cancer cells have ways to get around the roadblock by using other kinases.

Tim Stuhlmiller, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow in Johnson's lab and first author of the paper, conducted experiments using a technique to determine kinase activity on a global scale throughout a group of given cells - a technology that Johnson's lab had previously developed.

Stuhlmiller was able to see what happened to HER2-positive human cancer cells when treated with the HER2 inhibitor lapatinib. As expected, each cell line developed resistance to the drug. But, surprisingly, each cell line resisted in different ways. Not just one or two kinases activated to beat the lapatinib. Many kinases responded. And they were not the same kinases from cell line to cell line. But they did the same thing: they ensured that the cancer cells survived and grew.

"It was amazing," Stuhlmiller said. "We found this massive up-regulation of many different kinases that could either reactivate the main HER2 signaling pathway or bypass it entirely. In fact, we discovered that nearly 20 percent of the cell's entire gene expression profile was dysregulated when we treated the cells with lapatinib."

Dysregulated genes lead to abnormal amounts of proteins. These proteins - the kinases - drive resistance to anti-cancer drugs. This research strongly suggests that there are many different ways HER2-positive cancer cells can compensate for the initial blockage of the HER2 protein. Thus, targeting all of these specific kinases would be extremely difficult.

"Because of toxicity concerns, you couldn't inhibit all these kinases that potentially help cancer cells compensate in the face of a HER2 inhibitor," Stuhlmiller said. "The more drugs you try to use, the more toxic that would be for patients and the lower the dose people would be able to tolerate.

"So that's one take home message," he said. "But the main message is we used a different kind of drug to block that entire massive kinase response before it ever happened."

For that, Johnson's team used a BET bromodomain inhibitor. It's part of a new class of drugs that targets proteins involved in gene transcription - when particular parts of DNA are copied into RNA; this is the first step in the creation of enzymes, such as kinases.

Johnson's team tested several BET bromodomain inhibitors, including one currently in clinical trials to treat blood cancers and a specific type of leukemia. During experiments, Johnson's team found that BET bromodomain inhibitors targeted the gene transcription of most of the kinases responsible for resistance. By combining lapatinib with a BET bromodomain inhibitor, Stuhlmiller found that the HER2 kinase was blocked, as planned. Also, the massive kinase activation that typically followed HER2 inhibition never happened. The second drug suppressed the kinase response.

"We blocked it before it could happen," Stuhlmiller said. "In all five cell lines we tested, there were no cancer cells left because the combination therapy blocked their growth. Essentially, we made the activity of lapatinib durable." As a result, the cancer cells were annihilated.

Johnson's lab and their UNC collaborators are currently working to replicate their findings in animal models of HER2-positive breast cancer. They think these types of combination therapies are going to be necessary to prevent resistance in the clinic. They're also studying the effects of BET bromodomain inhibitors on other breast cancer subtypes, such as triple-negative breast cancer, another subtype that is difficult to treat.

###

Funding for this research was provided by the National Institutes of Health, the Susan G. Komen Foundation, and the University Cancer Research Fund at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Other authors of the Cell Reports paper from the Johnson lab are graduate student Samantha Miller; and; research assistant professors Jon Zawistowski, PhD, Kazuhiro Nakamura, PhD, Adriana Beltran, PhD, and Steven Angus, PhD; research associate Noah Sciaky, PhD; research specialist Deborah Granger and research technician Rachel Reuther. Co-author James Duncan, PhD, was a postdoc in the Johnson lab during this research. He is now an assistant professor at the Fox Chase Cancer Center.

Other authors include Lee Graves, PhD, professor of pharmacology; Shelton Earp, MD, Lineberger Professor of Cancer Research and professor medicine and pharmacology; Shawn Gomez, EngScD, associate professor of biomedical engineering; Joel S. Parker, PhD, director of the Lineberger Bioinformatics Core; Lisa Carey, MD, the Richardson and Marilyn Jacobs Preyer Distinguished Professor in Breast Cancer Research; graduate student Kyla Collins; Jian Jin, PhD, adjunct associate professor at the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy and professor of oncological sciences at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York; Jin's former lab member Xin Chen, PhD; and Pei-Fen Kuan, PhD, a former UNC biostatistician who is now an assistant professor at Stony Brook University.

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.
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Media Contact

Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unchealth.unc.edu
919-923-0959

@UNC_Health_Care

http://www.med.unc.edu

More on this News Release

Researchers find new approach to treat drug-resistant HER2-positive breast cancer
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA HEALTH CARE
JOURNAL
Cell Reports
FUNDER
National Institutes of Health, Susan G. Komen Foundation, University Cancer Research Fund at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
KEYWORDS

BREAST CANCERCANCERCELL BIOLOGYMEDICINE/HEALTHPHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE
MULTIMEDIA

Kinase Reaction of Lapatinib
Kinase Reaction of Lapatinib
(IMAGE)
Tim Stuhlmiller, University of North Carolina Health Care
Tim Stuhlmiller, University of North Carolina Health Care
(IMAGE)
Gary Johnson, University of North Carolina Health Care
Gary Johnson, University of North Carolina Health Care
(IMAGE)
More in Medicine & Health



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Lani is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-12-2015, 11:31 AM   #2
Mtngrl
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Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

That's very cool.
__________________
Amy
_____________________________
4/19/11 Diagnosed invasive ductal carcinoma in left breast; 2.3 cm tumor, 1 axillary lymph node, weakly ER+, HER2+++
4/29/11 CT scan shows suspicious lesions on liver and lungs
5/17/11 liver biopsy
5/24/11 liver met confirmed--Stage IV at diagnosis
5/27/11 Begin weekly Taxol & Herceptin for 3 months (standard of care at the time of my DX)
7/18/11 Switch to weekly Abraxane & Herceptin due to Taxol allergy
8/29/11 CT scan shows no new lesions & old lesions shrinking
9/27/11 Finish Abraxane. Start Herceptin every 3 weeks. Begin taking Arimidex
10/17/11--Brain MRI--No Brain mets
12/5/11 PET scan--Almost NED
5/15/12 PET scan shows progression-breast/chest/spine (one vertebra)
5/22/12 Stop taking Arimidex; stay on Herceptin
6/11/12 Started Tykerb and Herceptin on clinical trial (w/no chemo)
9/24/12 CT scan--No new mets. Everything stable.
3/11/13 CT Scan--two small new possible mets and odd looking area in left lung getting larger.
4/2/13--Biopsy of suspicious area in lower left lung. Mets to lung confirmed.
4/30/13 Begin Kadcyla/TDM-1
8/16/13 PET scan "mixed," with some areas of increased uptake, but also some definite improvement, so I'll stay on TDM-1/Kadcyla.
11/11/13 Finally get hormone receptor results from lung biopsy of 4/2/13. My cancer is no longer ER positive.
11/13/13 PET scan mixed results again. We're calling it "stable." Problems breathing on exertion.
2/18/14 PET scan shows a new lesion and newly active lymph node in chest, other progression. Bye bye TDM-1.
2/28/14 Begin Herceptin/Perjeta every 3 weeks.
6/8/14 PET "mixed," with no new lesions, and everything but lower lungs improving. My breathing is better.
8/18/14 PET "mixed" again. Upper lungs & one spine met stable, lower lungs less FDG avid, original tumor more avid, one lymph node in mediastinum more avid.
9/1/14 Begin taking Xeloda one week on, one week off. Will also stay on Herceptin and Perjeta every three weeks.
12/11/14 PET Scan--no new lesions, and everything looks better than it did.
3/20/15 PET Scan--no new lesions, but lower lung lesions larger and a bit more avid.
4/13/15 Increasing Xeloda dose to 10 days on, one week off.
7/1/15 Scan "mixed" again, but suggests continuing progression. Stop Xeloda. Substitute Abraxane every 3 weeks starting 7/13.
10/28/15 PET scan shows dramatic improvement everywhere. All lesions except lower lungs have resolved; lower lungs noticeably improved.
12/18/15 Last Abraxane. Continue on Herceptin and Perjeta alone beginning 1/8/16.
1/27/16 PET scan shows cancer is stable.
5/11/16 PET scan shows uptake in some areas that were resolved on the last two scans.
6/3/16 Begin Kadcyla and Tykerb combination
6/5 - 6/23 Horrible diarrhea from K&T together. Got pneumonia.
7/15/16 Begin Kadcyla only every 3 weeks.
9/6/16 Begin radiation therapy on right lung lesion that caused the pneumonia.
10/3/16 Last of 12 radiation treatments to right lung.
11/4/16 Huffing and puffing, low O2, high heart rate, on tiniest bit of exertion. Diagnosed as radiation pneumonitis. Treated with Prednisone.
11/11/16 PET scan shows significant improvement to radiated part of right lung BUT a bunch of new lung lesions, and the bone met is getting worse.
11/22/16 Begin Eribulin and Herceptin. H every 3 weeks. E two weeks on, one week off.
3/6/17 Scan shows progression in lungs. Bone met a little better.
3/23/17 Lung biopsy. Tumor sampled is ER-, PR+ (5%), HER2+++. Getting Herceptin and Perjeta as a maintenance treatment.
5/31/17 Port placement
6/1/17 Start Navelbine & Tykerb
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Old 04-12-2015, 12:45 PM   #3
Jean
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Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

Lani,
This is a huge step forward. AA should enjoy reading this as it brings us closer to defining why herceptin can become resistance.
__________________
Stage 1, Grade 1, 3/30/05
Lumpectomy 4/15/05 - 6MM IDC
Node Neg. (Sentinel node)
ER+ 90% / PR-, Her2+++ by FISH
Ki-67 40%
Arimidex 5/05
Radiation 32 trt, 5/30/05
Oncotype DX test 4/17/06, 31% high risk
TOPO 11 neg. 4/06
Stopped Arimidex 5/06
TCH 5/06, 6 treatments
Herceptin 5/06 - for 1 yr.
9/06 Completed chemo
Started Femara Sept. 2006
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Old 04-12-2015, 01:13 PM   #4
Carol Ann
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Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

Well ... I have to admit I am less than thrilled by reading that "Only about one third of patients react well to standard therapy." WT .... ??!!

Carol Ann
__________________
July 24, 2013: "Infected" Right Nipple and benign cyst removed, pathology report revealed Paget's, DCIS, and ILC 1.25 cm, ER+/Pro+/HER2 equivocal, Grade 2 under benign cyst, previous diagnostic mammo/ultrasound said I was perfectly healthy in both breasts.

Aug 18, 2013: MRI report says Left breast is perfectly healthy "consistent with previous studies".

Sept 2013: I insist on a bilateral mastectomy anyway. Too nervewracking to let left breast remain with higher risk after 3 cancers in right, nipple in right is already gone anyhow.

Sept 18, 2013: Bilateral mastectomy, 11 right nodes removed, ALL negative BUT -- ER+/PRO+/HER2+ tumor, 1.0 cm, Grade 2 found in a piece of "grossly unremarkable" breast tissue from prophylactic mastectomy of left breast, no nodes removed.

Oct 25, 2013: 13 left side nodes removed, ALL negative, Stage 1 across the board, NO RADS needed, YAAAAY! Port also installed.

Nov 25, 2013 Begin 6 rounds TCH.

March 10, 2014 Just finished 6th and LAST Chemo today, YAAAAAY!

March 24, 2014 Echocardiogram to make sure I'm still good for Herceptin every 3 weeks.

March 31, 2014 Echo results NORMAL, first Herceptin all by itself. Now if only my eyes would stop streaming from the Taxotere ... :)

April 21, 2014 Started Arimidex and therapy for "mild" lymphedema in left hand and arm

May 2014 Therapy completed, I have sleeves and gloves for both arms, a Flexi touch lymph pump to hook up to for an hour every day, and I've become an arm bandaging expert. :)

June 2014 Begin Fosamax to prevent osteoporosis; bone scan revealed osteopenia

Nov 17, 2014 FINAL Herceptin!

Dec 4, 2014 My right thigh muscle has been extra achy for days ... I discover a blister rash cluster on the side of my right thigh while taking a shower. Port appointment cancelled until Dec 17, my doc is working me in tomorrow afternoon to see me and the rash. My muscle at least feels less achy.

Dec 5, 2014 Yep, I have shingles. Boo! I start acyclovir and also have a prescription for a painkiller just in case for over the weekend.

Dec 17, 2014 Port is OUT!

January 2016 Shingles again and this time it started where my left breast (where the hidden HER2+++ tumor was!) used to be. My onc nurse got me a same day appointment to see my doc when I called and told her I had a rash on the site. The antiviral meds are working once again, though, so that is good news. :)
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Old 04-12-2015, 04:55 PM   #5
rhondalea
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Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

I'll pull my head out of the sand for a moment here (but I'm going right back under afterward).

Quote:
Well ... I have to admit I am less than thrilled by reading that "Only about one third of patients react well to standard therapy." WT .... ??!!
Standard therapy = chemotherapy et al., without trastuzumab

Our collective prognosis before Herceptin was pretty dismal.
__________________

2/6/09 Core needle biopsy: negative; Mammos through 2010: no change
3/30/11 Pea-sized lump in left breast at site of prior biopsy; mammo negative, sonogram not so much
4/14/11 Core needle biopsy: negative for cancer
5/18/11 Excisional biopsy 1.2 cm tumor, LVI, positive margin; ER+60%,PR+20%,HER2/CEP17 5
6/15/11 BMX: Left DCIS & LH; Right ADH; SNB: 2/3 nodes: 1.4 cm and 1 mm; ALND L1&2: 0/10; Stage IIa, Grade 3
7/14/11 CT/Bone scans NED; MUGA 66%
7/19/11 Biweekly dd AC w/Neulasta; done 8/30/11
9/13/11 Transfusion (Hemoglobin 8.6); MUGA 64%
9/20/11 Start Taxol + Herceptin; Taxol done 12/6/2011; continue Herceptin until 9/4/2012
12/27/11 Radiation - 6 weeks; 2/27/2012 - DONE! Yayyyy!
2/29/12 Start Tamoxifen 20 mg/day; continue until 2/28/17
5/16/12 Start five-years Metformin trial
6/19/12 MUGA 61%
8/21/12 Brain MRI NED (head still hurts, brain still fogged)
9/4/12 Herceptin done!
9/6/12 Port out!
7/11/13 Aricept 5mg for cognitive impairment; increased to 10mg as of 8/23/13; back to 5mg 12/2013
5/2014 Add Namenda 7mg
9/2014 Stop Aricept and Namenda; Neuropsychological evaluation
10/24/14 Start cognitive rehabilitation therapy
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Old 04-12-2015, 04:58 PM   #6
Carol Ann
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Join Date: Dec 2013
Posts: 1,023
Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

Oh!! Sorry about the brain fart ... I was HOPING someone would jump in and tell me they meant before Herceptin.

Thank you, Rhonda!

Carol Ann
__________________
July 24, 2013: "Infected" Right Nipple and benign cyst removed, pathology report revealed Paget's, DCIS, and ILC 1.25 cm, ER+/Pro+/HER2 equivocal, Grade 2 under benign cyst, previous diagnostic mammo/ultrasound said I was perfectly healthy in both breasts.

Aug 18, 2013: MRI report says Left breast is perfectly healthy "consistent with previous studies".

Sept 2013: I insist on a bilateral mastectomy anyway. Too nervewracking to let left breast remain with higher risk after 3 cancers in right, nipple in right is already gone anyhow.

Sept 18, 2013: Bilateral mastectomy, 11 right nodes removed, ALL negative BUT -- ER+/PRO+/HER2+ tumor, 1.0 cm, Grade 2 found in a piece of "grossly unremarkable" breast tissue from prophylactic mastectomy of left breast, no nodes removed.

Oct 25, 2013: 13 left side nodes removed, ALL negative, Stage 1 across the board, NO RADS needed, YAAAAY! Port also installed.

Nov 25, 2013 Begin 6 rounds TCH.

March 10, 2014 Just finished 6th and LAST Chemo today, YAAAAAY!

March 24, 2014 Echocardiogram to make sure I'm still good for Herceptin every 3 weeks.

March 31, 2014 Echo results NORMAL, first Herceptin all by itself. Now if only my eyes would stop streaming from the Taxotere ... :)

April 21, 2014 Started Arimidex and therapy for "mild" lymphedema in left hand and arm

May 2014 Therapy completed, I have sleeves and gloves for both arms, a Flexi touch lymph pump to hook up to for an hour every day, and I've become an arm bandaging expert. :)

June 2014 Begin Fosamax to prevent osteoporosis; bone scan revealed osteopenia

Nov 17, 2014 FINAL Herceptin!

Dec 4, 2014 My right thigh muscle has been extra achy for days ... I discover a blister rash cluster on the side of my right thigh while taking a shower. Port appointment cancelled until Dec 17, my doc is working me in tomorrow afternoon to see me and the rash. My muscle at least feels less achy.

Dec 5, 2014 Yep, I have shingles. Boo! I start acyclovir and also have a prescription for a painkiller just in case for over the weekend.

Dec 17, 2014 Port is OUT!

January 2016 Shingles again and this time it started where my left breast (where the hidden HER2+++ tumor was!) used to be. My onc nurse got me a same day appointment to see my doc when I called and told her I had a rash on the site. The antiviral meds are working once again, though, so that is good news. :)
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Old 04-14-2015, 01:44 PM   #7
AlaskaAngel
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Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

Hi Jean. I'm not ignoring this one, but still pondering it. Thanks!

A.A.
__________________
Dx 2002 age 51
bc for granny, aunt, cousin, sister, mother.
ER+/PR+/HER2+++, grade 3
IDC 1.9 cm, some DCIS, Stage 1, Grade 3
Lumpectomy, CAFx6 (no blood boosters), IMRT rads, 1 3/4 yr tamoxifen
Rads necrosis
BRCA 1 & 2 negative
Trials: Early detection OVCA; 2004 low-dose testosterone for bc survivors
Diet: Primarily vegetarian organic; metformin (no diabetes), vitamin D3
Exercise: 7 days a week, 1 hr/day
No trastuzumab, no taxane, no AI
NED
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Old 04-15-2015, 05:57 PM   #8
linn65
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Location: Attica, IN
Posts: 371
Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

My puppy has grown and jumped on the dresser. How did you know this was going to happe. lani? Bad Puppy.......Soooo what happens after TDM1 a liter of pups?? ��
__________________
myleftlump.wordpress.com - started blogging my
IDC breast cancer
7/2012 diagnosed with multiple solid lesions
7/20/12 biopsy done. ER+ 30 PR -, HER+++,k167 80% Grade 2
9/2012 biopsy on lymph node - showed malignant

9/2012 Pre-adjunctive TCH chemo.

12/6/12 MRI after Pre-adj.
Results: Modest Decrease in size of left breast malignancy As well as the associated satellite lesions and auxiliary Adenopathy compared to prior study. Doctors hoped for better but good response it didn't grow.

12/18/2012 left masectomy with axillary nodes
Size 3.2 CM, Nottingham score 9/9
Grade 3, no evidence of in situ carcinoma
Areas of angiolymphatic are identified
Carcinoma is 0.5 cm from inked deep
Margin of excision
Attached axillary lymph nodes: metastatic
Carcinoma in 6 of 8 nodes.
Size of largest node 1.5 cm
Extracapsular
ER + 73%, PR+2%, HER2+

2/27/13 6 weeks of IMRT radiation finished

2/2013 Started on Tamoxifan 5 years.

8/2013 will take last Herceptin, 17 treatments total every 3 weeks.

BRCA1 & BRAC2 - Negative

August 28, 2013 DIEP flap on the left breast.
February 2014 Nip & Tuck
March 14, 2014 nipple reconstruction and removed port.
August 14, 2014 lump in lymph nodes under arm and above clavicle. Stage IV
August 28, 2014 herceptin And projeta starting and port put back in.

3/18/15 stopped arimidex.
3/18/15 progression....Tdm1
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Old 04-15-2015, 06:55 PM   #9
Mtngrl
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Location: Denver, CO
Posts: 1,427
Re: important new study regarding prevention of resistance to treatment of her2+ bc

Linn,

Don't despair. There are more treatments available, and more in the pipeline.

I invite you to join me in staying alive until they get this sucker figured out and cure us.
__________________
Amy
_____________________________
4/19/11 Diagnosed invasive ductal carcinoma in left breast; 2.3 cm tumor, 1 axillary lymph node, weakly ER+, HER2+++
4/29/11 CT scan shows suspicious lesions on liver and lungs
5/17/11 liver biopsy
5/24/11 liver met confirmed--Stage IV at diagnosis
5/27/11 Begin weekly Taxol & Herceptin for 3 months (standard of care at the time of my DX)
7/18/11 Switch to weekly Abraxane & Herceptin due to Taxol allergy
8/29/11 CT scan shows no new lesions & old lesions shrinking
9/27/11 Finish Abraxane. Start Herceptin every 3 weeks. Begin taking Arimidex
10/17/11--Brain MRI--No Brain mets
12/5/11 PET scan--Almost NED
5/15/12 PET scan shows progression-breast/chest/spine (one vertebra)
5/22/12 Stop taking Arimidex; stay on Herceptin
6/11/12 Started Tykerb and Herceptin on clinical trial (w/no chemo)
9/24/12 CT scan--No new mets. Everything stable.
3/11/13 CT Scan--two small new possible mets and odd looking area in left lung getting larger.
4/2/13--Biopsy of suspicious area in lower left lung. Mets to lung confirmed.
4/30/13 Begin Kadcyla/TDM-1
8/16/13 PET scan "mixed," with some areas of increased uptake, but also some definite improvement, so I'll stay on TDM-1/Kadcyla.
11/11/13 Finally get hormone receptor results from lung biopsy of 4/2/13. My cancer is no longer ER positive.
11/13/13 PET scan mixed results again. We're calling it "stable." Problems breathing on exertion.
2/18/14 PET scan shows a new lesion and newly active lymph node in chest, other progression. Bye bye TDM-1.
2/28/14 Begin Herceptin/Perjeta every 3 weeks.
6/8/14 PET "mixed," with no new lesions, and everything but lower lungs improving. My breathing is better.
8/18/14 PET "mixed" again. Upper lungs & one spine met stable, lower lungs less FDG avid, original tumor more avid, one lymph node in mediastinum more avid.
9/1/14 Begin taking Xeloda one week on, one week off. Will also stay on Herceptin and Perjeta every three weeks.
12/11/14 PET Scan--no new lesions, and everything looks better than it did.
3/20/15 PET Scan--no new lesions, but lower lung lesions larger and a bit more avid.
4/13/15 Increasing Xeloda dose to 10 days on, one week off.
7/1/15 Scan "mixed" again, but suggests continuing progression. Stop Xeloda. Substitute Abraxane every 3 weeks starting 7/13.
10/28/15 PET scan shows dramatic improvement everywhere. All lesions except lower lungs have resolved; lower lungs noticeably improved.
12/18/15 Last Abraxane. Continue on Herceptin and Perjeta alone beginning 1/8/16.
1/27/16 PET scan shows cancer is stable.
5/11/16 PET scan shows uptake in some areas that were resolved on the last two scans.
6/3/16 Begin Kadcyla and Tykerb combination
6/5 - 6/23 Horrible diarrhea from K&T together. Got pneumonia.
7/15/16 Begin Kadcyla only every 3 weeks.
9/6/16 Begin radiation therapy on right lung lesion that caused the pneumonia.
10/3/16 Last of 12 radiation treatments to right lung.
11/4/16 Huffing and puffing, low O2, high heart rate, on tiniest bit of exertion. Diagnosed as radiation pneumonitis. Treated with Prednisone.
11/11/16 PET scan shows significant improvement to radiated part of right lung BUT a bunch of new lung lesions, and the bone met is getting worse.
11/22/16 Begin Eribulin and Herceptin. H every 3 weeks. E two weeks on, one week off.
3/6/17 Scan shows progression in lungs. Bone met a little better.
3/23/17 Lung biopsy. Tumor sampled is ER-, PR+ (5%), HER2+++. Getting Herceptin and Perjeta as a maintenance treatment.
5/31/17 Port placement
6/1/17 Start Navelbine & Tykerb
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